Recent Cases

BHP Group Limited v Impiombato [2022] HCA 33 (12 October 2022) (Kiefel CJ, Gageler, Gordon, Edelman and Steward JJ)


Statutes – Interpretation – Territorial operation – Presumption against extraterritoriality – Acts Interpretation Act 1901 (Cth), s 21(1)(b) – Where Pt IVA of the Federal Court of Australia Act 1976 (Cth) permitted a person to commence a representative proceeding in the Federal Court of Australia on behalf of other persons (“group members”) where certain statutory criteria were met – Where Pt IVA did not contain any express geographic or territorial restriction on the identity of persons who could be group members – Whether Pt IVA allowed claims to be brought on behalf of group members not resident in Australia.

Words and phrases – “central focus”, “claims”, “class action”, “federal jurisdiction”, “hinge”, “in and of the Commonwealth”, “matter”, “object of legislative concern”, “personal jurisdiction”, “presumption”, “presumption against extraterritoriality”, “representative proceedings”, “statutory construction”, “statutory interpretation”, “statutory presumption”, “subject matter jurisdiction”, “territorial connection”, “territorial jurisdiction”, “territorial restriction”.