Recent Cases

ENT19 v Minister for Home Affairs [2023] HCA 18 (14 June 2023) (Kiefel CJ; Gageler, Gordon, Edelman, Steward, Gleeson and Jagot JJ)


Immigration – Refugees – Application for protection visa – Power of Minister under s 65 of Migration Act 1958 (Cth) to grant or refuse to grant visa – Where visa criterion in Sch 2, cl 790.227 of Migration Regulations 1994 (Cth) required Minister to be satisfied grant of visa in national interest – Where plaintiff convicted of aggravated offence of people smuggling – Where Minister personally refused to grant plaintiff protection visa – Where sole basis for decision that cl 790.227 not satisfied – Where Minister conceded all other criteria for grant of visa met – Where Minister did not exercise power to refuse visa under s 501 of Act – Whether cl 790.227 permitted Minister to refuse to grant visa solely on ground that not in national interest to grant visa to person convicted of people smuggling – Proper construction of cl 790.227 – Whether Minister’s decision authorised by cl 790.227.

Statutes – Interpretation – Context – Construction of visa criterion in Regulations – Where Act of Parliament inserted criterion into existing Regulations made by Governor‑General.

Administrative law – Judicial review – Certiorari and mandamus.

Words and phrases – “character test”, “mandamus”, “national interest”, “people smuggling”, “personally”, “protection visa”, “refugee”, “unauthorised maritime arrival”, “visa refusal”.