Recent Cases

Ismail v Minister for Immigration, Citizenship and Multicultural Affairs [2024] HCA 2 (07 February 2024) (Gageler CJ; Gordon, Edelman, Gleeson and Jagot JJ)


Immigration – Visas – Application for visa – Where delegate of Minister refused to grant visa under s 501 of Migration Act 1958 (Cth) as plaintiff did not pass character test and considerations favouring non‑refusal outweighed by considerations favouring refusal – Where delegate was required to comply with Direction No 90 – Visa refusal and cancellation under section 501 and revocation of a mandatory cancellation of a visa under section 501CA (“Direction 90”) in determining whether to refuse to grant visa – Where Direction 90 required decision‑maker to take into account considerations, including protection of Australian community (para 8.1), any engagement in family violence by non‑citizens (para 8.2), best interests of minor children affected by decision (para 8.3), and expectations of Australian community (para 8.4) – Whether delegate failed to comply with para 8.3(1) of Direction 90 or failed to inquire about status of minor child in circumstances where it was legally unreasonable not to do so – Whether para 8.2 of Direction 90 permitted delegate to give weight to family violence considerations in circumstances where delegate had given weight to considerations under other paragraphs – Whether para 8.2 invalid – Whether delegate misapplied para 8.4 of Direction 90.

Words and phrases – “direction”, “double counting”, “failure to consider”, “failure to inquire”, “illegitimate purpose”, “irrational, illogical, or legally unreasonable”, “legally unreasonable”, “primary consideration”, “relevant considerations”, “relevant, legitimate, and non‑punitive”, “repetitious weighing”.